Puzzolo E, Stanistreet D, Pope D, Bruce N, Rehfuess E (2013) Factors influencing the large-scale uptake by households of cleaner and more efficient household energy technologies. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London.
The purpose of the systematic review was to describe and assess the enabling or limiting factors that have influenced the large-scale adoption and sustained use of improved solid fuel stoves (ICS), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biogas, solar cookers and alcohol fuels.
For all five types of intervention the review found a series of factors that influence uptake. These are categorised according to seven a priori defined domains: (i) Fuel and technology characteristics, (ii) Household and setting characteristics, (iii) Knowledge and perceptions, (iv) Financial, tax and subsidy aspects, (v) Market development, (vi) Regulation, legislation and standards, and (vii) Programmatic and policy mechanisms. In terms of relative importance, factors such as meeting users’ needs, fuel savings, higher income levels, effective financing and facilitative government action seem critical for success. However, none are sufficient in their own right to guarantee adoption and sustained use, so all factors relevant to a given context need to be assessed. Some factors are supported by only a few studies. This does not mean that the factors are unimportant; only that they have been given less attention in research studies, particularly where technologies or factor-related practices are not yet widely available or implemented.