The new PubMed

A new version of PubMed will be launched in January 2020 (this is the current plan – it may be delayed). PubMed will have a new and clean interface and will have new and improved features. PubMed LabsThe current version – due to be the legacy version, will run alongside the new PubMed for a few months and then will be retired. NLM have made available a short video demonstrating the new and improved features: https://youtu.be/4eA-0-eSSco You can play with the new PubMed at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

WHO Statistics

The WHO Global Health Observatory: data and analyses on global health priorities. Each theme page provides information on global situation and trends highlights, using core indicators, database views, major publications and links to relevant web pages on the theme. [https://www.who.int/gho/en/ | accessed 06.11.19]

Of interest is the Global Observatory for eHealth, and the data on pollution and global health.

Screenshot_2019-11-06 Global Health Observatory (GHO) data(1)

Database filters for Human studies

It is common practice now to use the NOT animals not humans/ search string to exclude animal studies in Medline. But in Embase, such neat filter doesn’t work. Humans used not to be included under the Animal heading in Embase (why? Humans are animals – this is one of my bugbears). Now it is, which makes more sense. However, limiting to human (or human+animal) studies isn’t straightforward.

1 your subject search bottom line
2 exp animal/ or exp invertebrate/ or animal experiment/ or animal model/ or animal tissue/ or animal cell/ or nonhuman/
3 exp human/ or human cell/
4 2 and 3
5 2 not 4
6 1 not 5

exp human has normal human/ as a narrower term and the synonyms suggest that this means a healthy person without disease. nonhuman/ is a curious term – the scope is: “Used for all items on non-human organisms (animals, bacteria, viruses, plants etc.) or on tissue, cells or cell components from such organisms”. Why there is a need to group all these together under nonhuman when you could search for virus or bacteria or frog* (example that comes to mind for no reason I can think of) beats me. Also curious is exp animal/ doesn’t include invertebrates.

Jacqueline Limpens provided another alternative to searching for human studies in Embase, which she posted on the expertsearching e-list:

1 your subject search bottom line
2 (exp animal/ or animal.hw. or nonhuman/) not (exp human/ or human cell/ or (human or humans).ti.)
3 1 not 2

She wrote that for a particular search she was doing, animal.hw. (heading word) also found animal embryo (which gave noise especially in this IVF & embryo transfer-media topic). human or humans in the title field had to be added to avoid losing this relevant paper:
Improved pregnancy rate in human in vitro fertilization with the use of a medium based on the composition of human tubal fluid.
Quinn P., Kerin J.F., Warnes G.M.
Fertility and Sterility. 44 (4) (pp 493-498), 1985. Date of Publication: 1985.
AN: 1986023234

It isn’t indexed with human, but it is with pregnancy and looking at the scope note for pregnancy, it implies human pregnancy BUT it could include any animal pregnancy – confusing! She also mentioned that you should consider other headings that could be indicative of non-human disease, like exp experimental neoplasm/ and xenografts/.

With Embase, it seems a wise idea to scan/search the results before you add any human studies filter to see if there are any relevant titles that could be excluded with it applied (as in the above pregnancy article).